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Municipal Corporation of India

Municipal Corporation is the term used for describing the local governing body in countries, cities, towns, charter townships, townships, villages and boroughs.


Municipal Corporation of India was formed to take care of the requirements and necessities of the various communities like medical centers, educational necessities, along with matters relating to property and housing taxes. The corporation departments work for cities with more than twenty thousand population. It is also known as the “Nagar Nigam”.


Overview


The Municipal Corporation of India, often abbreviated as the MCI, was formed under the 1835 corporation act, and it mainly deals with providing the basic necessities to every small village, town, city or district. Election is conducted to elect municipal commissioner every five years.


The chief motto to conduct elections is to offer convenient services for the public and its main aim is to resolve their daily complications. The metropolitan cities in our country hold the largest corporations in the city. These large metropolitan cities have very high population density, and they have the biggest commercial centers which often give rise to tons of complications to the residents.


Municipal Corporation in India administers the city with such large levels of population and the interactions are made directly with the state government to bring things under control, whenever the need arises. Apart from the metropolitan cities in the India, the largest municipal corporations in India are located in Hyderabad, Ahmadabad, and Bangalore. Chennai Municipal Corporation happens to be the oldest one in the country.


Composition of MCI


Municipal Corporation consists of various members for different departments elected from different wards of the city. Deputy Mayor and Mayor are elected by the corporation members themselves.


Municipal Commissioner will be from Indian Administrative Service, and he/she is appointed as the administrative staff for the city Municipal Corporation. He/she takes care of implementing various corporation decisions, and prepares the annual budget too.


Municipal Commissioner can be regarded as the CEO of Municipal Corporation. All the executive powers are vested with the commissioner, just like father of a Church… He/she is the legislative body who lays down the policy and the city governance, and is of course responsible for executing the policies too.


Functions of MCI


Municipal Corporation of India is very much responsible for taking care of public transportation, roads, water supply, birth, death records (delegated from central government Registration Act), sewage, sanitation, flood control, drainage, and other public safety services such as ambulance and fire services in the locality.


Sources of income to the municipal corporation are entertainment taxes, property taxes, Octroi and utility fees.


Municipal Corporations across India


Municipal Corporations of Delhi has been very successful in providing the vital services and primary essentials like horticulture, education, and proper road transportation; issues relating to health, taxes, and licensing fall under the jurisdiction of MCI too.


Municipal Corporation of Mumbai has also been victorious in doing full justice to their part, though the high rate of growth in population of the city has made things rather difficult.


Chennai Nagar Nigam is very important to India, and it is pretty old; it is amalgamated since the era of East India Company. Their goal is to provide basic facilities that correspond to the ongoing urbanization, and things are pretty smooth in Chennai at the moment.


Kolkata Nagar Nigam takes care of the furious local problems that arise on daily basis, in a place crowded to the maximum possible extent that you may think of. Other than the cities listed above, India has hosted corporations like Chandigarh, Hyderabad, Amritsar, and Ahmadabad.


If you encounter any problems concerned to any of department of the community, you can depend upon the services provided by the Municipal Corporation all over the country, but the time taken for the resolution of your problem may largely depend upon the manpower in that particular state, and number of problems in the queue, before your request!


Municipal Corporations in India operates in regions listed below (along with details of current population as per the latest stats) (Source: Wikipedia) –




MCI Region

Population

Hyderabad M.Corp

6,449,878

Ramagundam

473,796

Karimnagar

2,72,102

Rajahmundry

968,341

Eluru

573,415

Guntur

818,330

Vijayawada

825,436

Kurnool

267,739

Kakinada

896,329

Tirupati

398,776

Nellore

827,443

Visakhapatnam

969,608

Warangal

528,570

Ongole

500,570

Guwahati

808,021

Bhagalpur

363,286

Darbhanga

266,834

Gaya

383,197

Muzaffarpur

305,465

Patna

1,376,950

Purnia

326,216

Bilaspur

265,178

Bhagalpur (M.Corp)

340,349

Durg

231,182

Korba

315,695

Raipur

605,131

Bhilai Nagar

553,837

Rajnandgaon

143,727

Delhi Municipal Corporation (U)

9,817,439

Ahmedabad

3,515,361

Jamnagar

447,734

Rajkot

966,642

Surat

2,433,787

Vadodara

1,306,035

Faridabad

1,054,981

Gurgaon

1,514,085

Shimla

142,161

Ranchi

846,454

Bangalore

65,23,210

Belgaum

6,29,600

Mangalore

5,38,560

Hubli-Dharwad

786,018

Gulbarga

427,929

Mysore

9,83,893

Davangere

3,65,000

Bellary

3,17,000

Kochi

596,473

Kollam

361,441

Kozhikode

436,527

Trivandrum

744,739

Thrissur

317,474

Bhopal

1,433,875

Dewas

230,658

Khandwa

171,976

Burhanpur

221,000

Gwalior

826,919

Indore

1,597,441

Jabalpur

951,469

Ratlam

221,267

Rewa

183,232

Sagar

232,321

Satna

225,468

Singrauli

185,580

Ujjain

429,933

Murwara (Katni)

186,738

Amravati

678,192

Aurangabad

872,667

Greater Mumbai

11,914,398

Navi Mumbai

703,947

Kolhapur

485,183

Nagpur

2,051,320

Nanded-Waghala

430,598

Nashik

1,076,967

Pune

2,540,069

Solapur

873,037

Bhiwandi

598,703

Kalyan-Dombivali

1,193,266

Thane

1,261,517

Ulhasnagar

472,943

Pimpri Chinchwad

1,006,417

Sangli-Miraj & Kupwad

436,639

Mira-Bhayandar

520,301

Vasai-Virar

469,526

Cuttack

535,139

Bhubaneswar

647,302

Amritsar

975,695

Jalandhar

701,223

Ludhiana

1,395,053

Patiala

302,870

Jaipur

2,324,319

Jodhpur

846,408

Kota

695,899

Chennai

4,916,268

Coimbatore

923,085

Madurai

922,913

Tiruchirappalli

1,021,717

Salem

693,236

Erode

644,782

Tirupur

617,180

Tirunelveli

442,298

Vellore

421,237

Tuticorin

406,094

Agra

1,259,979

Aligarh

667,732

Allahabad

990,298

Bareilly

699,839

Ghaziabad

968,521

Gorakhpur

624,570

Kanpur

2,532,138

Lucknow

2,207,340

Meerut

1,074,229

Moradabad

641,240

Saharanpur

896,860

Unnao-Shuklaganj

934,566

Varanasi

1,100,748

Dehradun

447,808

Asansol

486,304

Kolkata

4,580,544

Durgapur

492,996

Siliguri

470,275

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Warning: strtotime() [function.strtotime]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /home/indiahou/public_html/municipal-corporation-india/index.html on line 934

Warning: date() [function.date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'America/New_York' for 'EDT/-4.0/DST' instead in /home/indiahou/public_html/municipal-corporation-india/index.html on line 934
1. raman jindal (rakshaagro@yahoo.com) posted this comment on Apr 19, 2013 at 02:41
I want to know the details of plot offered by various corportions in india time to time